Coon hunting is a popular pastime among many outdoor enthusiasts in the United States. It involves hunting raccoons at night with the help of trained hunting dogs. This sport has a rich history that dates back to the early days of America, and it has evolved significantly over the years. In this article, we will explore the ins and outs of coon hunting, including its history, equipment, techniques, and more.

What is Coon Hunting?

Coon hunting is a type of hunting that involves pursuing raccoons at night. It is typically done with the help of specially trained hunting dogs that are trained to track and tree raccoons. The dogs are usually trained to bark when they have found a raccoon, which helps the hunters locate the animal. Once the raccoon is treed, the hunters can then shoot it or capture it alive.

Coon hunting is a popular sport in many parts of the United States, particularly in the South and Midwest. It is often done as a social activity, with groups of hunters and their dogs going out together to hunt raccoons. Some hunters also participate in coon hunting competitions, where they compete to see who can catch the most raccoons in a given time period.

The History of Coon Hunting

Coon hunting has a long and storied history in the United States. The sport has its roots in the early days of America, when settlers would hunt raccoons for their meat and fur. In those days, coon hunting was done primarily with the help of traps and firearms.

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As the sport evolved, hunters began using dogs to track and tree raccoons. These early coonhounds were typically mixed-breed dogs that were trained to hunt by their owners. Over time, breeders began developing specific breeds of coonhounds, including the Treeing Walker, Black and Tan, and Redbone.

In the early 1900s, coon hunting became a popular pastime among African American hunters in the South. These hunters would often use their dogs to hunt raccoons and other small game, and the sport became an important part of their culture and tradition.

Today, coon hunting is enjoyed by people of all races and backgrounds. The sport has become more organized, with coon hunting clubs and competitions held throughout the country. There are also several organizations that promote and regulate the sport, including the National Kennel Club and the United Kennel Club.

Equipment Needed for Coon Hunting

Coon hunting requires a few essential pieces of equipment, including:

1. Hunting Dogs: Coon hunting dogs are specially trained to track and tree raccoons. The most common breeds of coonhounds include the Treeing Walker, Black and Tan, and Redbone.

2. Flashlights and Headlamps: Since coon hunting is done at night, hunters need a reliable source of light to navigate through the woods. Flashlights and headlamps are the most common sources of light used by coon hunters.

3. GPS Tracking Systems: Some hunters use GPS tracking systems to keep track of their dogs while they are hunting. These systems allow hunters to monitor their dogs’ movements and location in real-time.

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4. Hunting Clothes: Coon hunters should wear clothing that is comfortable and durable. This includes boots, pants, and a jacket that is suitable for the weather conditions.

5. Hunting Weapons: Coon hunters typically use firearms to shoot raccoons once they are treed. Some hunters also use live traps to capture raccoons alive.

Techniques Used in Coon Hunting

Coon hunting requires a few techniques to be successful. These include:

1. Using Scent Trails: Coonhounds are trained to follow scent trails left by raccoons. Hunters can use scent trails to help their dogs locate raccoons in the woods.

2. Treeing: Once a coonhound has located a raccoon, it will bark to alert the hunter. The hunter can then follow the sound of the barking to locate the treed raccoon.

3. Shooting: Once the raccoon is treed, the hunter can shoot it using a firearm. Hunters should be sure to follow all safety guidelines when handling firearms.

4. Live Trapping: Some hunters prefer to capture raccoons alive using live traps. These traps should be checked regularly to ensure that the raccoon is not left trapped for an extended period.


Coon hunting is a popular and exciting sport that has a rich history in the United States. It requires specialized equipment, trained hunting dogs, and a few key techniques to be successful. Whether you are a seasoned coon hunter or a beginner, the sport offers a unique and rewarding outdoor experience. So grab your gear, hit the woods, and enjoy the thrill of the hunt!

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